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Showing Penfield in NY...

Basic Information
Type of PlaceIndependent City or Town
Metro Area?Independent City or Town
Politics c. 1860?
Unions, Organized Labor?

Sundown Town Status
Confirmed Sundown Town?Possible
Year of Greatest Interest
Was there an ordinance?
Sign?
Still Sundown?

Census Information
TotalWhiteBlackAsianNativeHispanicOtherBHshld
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
19303,306 1
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990
200034,645 814

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Method of Exclusion

Main Ethnic Group(s).

Group(s) Excluded
Black

Comments
Email from a former resident--he mentions a few towns, including Penfield: "The police departments used the term "border patrol" either as a name for themselves or for the practice of pulling over minorities. Persons of colour are pulled over, questioned, possibly ticketed and sometimes escorted out of town after dark. The practice becomes widely known, and generally discourages persons of colour from returning, or considering the area as a place to live." Metro-Act, in 1975, challenged the zoning laws of Penfield by claiming that "the town's zoning ordinance, by its terms and as enforced, effectively excluded persons of low and moderate income from living in the town, in violation of petitioners' constitutional rights." The case went before the Supreme Court and was struck down: Warth v. Seldin
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