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Showing Mountain Home in AR...

Basic Information
Type of PlaceIndependent City or Town
Metro Area?Independent City or Town
Politics c. 1860?
Unions, Organized Labor?

Sundown Town Status
Confirmed Sundown Town?Probable
Year of Greatest Interest
Was there an ordinance?Don't Know
Sign?Perhaps, Some Oral Evidence
Still Sundown?Probably Not, Although Still Very Few Blacks

Census Information
TotalWhiteBlackAsianNativeHispanicOtherBHshld
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
19502,2173
19602,1050
19703,9361
1980
19909,0270
200011,01210,75820415213229

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Method of Exclusion
Unknown

Main Ethnic Group(s).
Unknown

Group(s) Excluded
Black

Comments
The curator of the county historical society confirms that Mountain Home did have a sundown sign until at least the 1940s. "A popular resort area attracting many fishermen and campers, some of whom move there after retirement. There are no blacks in the county and none have been there since around 1900. "The residents of Mountain Home can be classified into two groups (a) long time natives who make up about 60% of the population, and (b) immigrant retirees, who comprise about 33% of the population... [Natives] have had little, if any contact with blacks or other minority groups. They may see a truck driver or mover occasionally who is black, but they know he has no plans for making the area his home. They show little objection to his presence." -from "Mountain Home: A Gray Town" In a survey of Mountain Home residents (100 questionaires distributed, 61 returned): Over half of the retirees "had been influenced by the all-white population of Mountain Home" when choosing to move there. 51% of the entire sample chose "lack of opportunity for employment" to explain why no blacks live in town. They expect blacks will move in, in about five years. Some believe "that police have not protected blacks in some mainly white communities leaving unsympathetic whites free play to treat them as they liked." "Sample members expressed negative attitudes toward minority group members in general." Asked if Mountain Home resident would welcome other [not black] minority groups, 23 respondents "did not think so." "They probably did not realize that there are several Indian and Oriental families residing in Mountain Home and having no difficulty. Probably respondents don't recognize these groups as minorities in the way that blacks are so recognized. "Natives showed greater prejudice than northern retirees... Respondents who had lived and worked with blacks were much more tolerant of minority groups... "Several large construction projects have employed blacks who worked in the Mountain Home area. There has been little trouble on these projects, and prejudice was probably outweighed by the idea that blacks were temporary in the area. One respondent reported an incident (rumor) where two blacks on a construction crew some distance from Mountain Home were threatened and forced to cross over the Missouri line at night to sleep."
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