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Showing Van Buren in AR...

Basic Information
Type of PlaceCounty
Metro Area?County
Politics c. 1860?
Unions, Organized Labor?

Sundown Town Status
Confirmed Sundown Town?Probable
Year of Greatest Interest1883
Was there an ordinance?Don't Know
Sign?Don't Know
Still Sundown?Surely Not

Census Information
TotalWhiteBlackAsianNativeHispanicOtherBHshld
1860
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200018,98616,5893125353731,147602

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Method of Exclusion
Threat of Violence

Main Ethnic Group(s).
Unknown

Group(s) Excluded
Black

Comments
According to Arkansas historian Tom Dillon, In 1883 a prosperous black homesteader by the name of Burrell Lindsey fled his farm and walked all the way to Conway, where he filed a complaint about the threats blacks faced in his area. About five months earlier, on August 30, 1882, a black man found a warning tacked to a tree on his land: "Notice is her by giving That I sertify you, Mr. Nigger, just as shore as you locate your Self her death is your potion, the Cadron [river] is the ded line, your cind cant live on this side a tall.... [sic]" In this case Federal authorities filed charges against six white males, all of Van Buren County, and all "of evil minds and dispositions." Dillon concludes, "While the historical record is too inconclusive to determine the outcome of this onfrontation, it is clear that black homesteaders were not welcome in certain areas of Arkansas. As time passed, this process of "racial cleansing" spread from rural areas to many towns." Van Buren County did not go totally sundown. A small black community, slowly decreasing in size, long existed (and still does, we think) north of Clinton.
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