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Showing Bonanza in AR...

Basic Information
Type of PlaceIndependent City or Town
Metro Area?Independent City or Town
Politics c. 1860?Don't Know
Unions, Organized Labor?Strong

Sundown Town Status
Confirmed Sundown Town?Surely
Year of Greatest Interest1904
Was there an ordinance?Don't Know
Sign?Don't Know
Still Sundown?Probably

Census Information
TotalWhiteBlackAsianNativeHispanicOtherBHshld
1860
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1900
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1920
1930
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1980
19905205140
20005144920

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Method of Exclusion
Violent Expulsion

Main Ethnic Group(s).

Group(s) Excluded
Black

Comments
According to the The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture, a race riot occurred in Bonanza at the beginning of the 20th century: "The Bonanza Race War of 1904 was a race riot/labor war that occurred in the coal-mining city of Bonanza (Sebastian County) and resulted in the expulsion of African Americans from the city following several days of violence. On the night of Saturday, April 30, however, tensions exploded when black and white patrons of Clinton%u2019s Saloon traded shots outside the establishment. This led to a city-wide exchange of bullets; the Fort Smith Times reported that "as many as 500 shots were fired during the night." The Arkansas Gazette reported on May 7 that nearly all African Americans had left the city. By 1930, the township in which Bonanza is located recorded no African-American residents, and it was still all white as of the 2000 Census."
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