|Type of Place||Independent City or Town|
|Metro Area?||Independent City or Town|
|Politics c. 1860?||Don't Know|
|Unions, Organized Labor?||Don't Know|
|Sundown Town Status|
|Confirmed Sundown Town?||Surely|
|Year of Greatest Interest|
|Was there an ordinance?||Don't Know|
|Sign?||Perhaps, Some Oral Evidence|
|Still Sundown?||We Have Data on How it Changed|
|Tell Dr. Loewen More About This Town|| |
|Method of Exclusion|
| "According to several oral history subjects I
interviewed in the 1980s and 1990s, East Texas'
Grand Saline (Van Zandt County) was not all black in
the late nineteenth century but did have a sizable
black population. Sometime during or after
Reconstruction (I was unable to do better than that)
whites attacked the black residents in a city wide
pogrom, killing all who were unable to escape.
According to one interviewee, the mass killings were
followed by mutilation of the corpses for public
display. Thereafter it became a notorious 'sundown'
town; I don't think any signs were necessary. That
reputation continued well into the late twentieth
century. I'm not sure of its current population, but a
couple of 1980s interviewees mentioned its all white
status with considerable pride."
-posted to the web, 2006
Andrew Puller, former slave and Beaumont resident,
interviewed some years ago, reported that in Grand
Saline "dey had a big sign dere wid 'Nigger, don't let
de sun go down on you here' on it."
Nearby TX Resident.
"we used to play them in sports. They were a very well known as a 'sundown' town to me as a child. Our coaches used to threaten to drop the black kids off in Grand Saline (as a sick joke) for misbehaving on the school bus to and from games. I do believe that they had a sign at their city limits stating "don't let the sun go down on you, nigger" -- or something like that.
A nearby TX resident remembers a sign in Grand Saline and had an African American friend who avoided the town.
A resident has pointed out that as of June 2014 there are 5 black families living in Grand Saline and the sign has been removed.|